FISH PONDS September 2008

(This data is as produced from the HER database)

The remains of manorial and monastic pond systems, created to provide fish for consumption or income.

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Isle of Wight History Centre



Isle of Wight Historic Environment Record

Isle of Wight County Archaeology and Historic Environment Service

15/08/2008


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Record Index

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ID Name
372 Sheat fish pond
834 Great Budbridge Manor.
945 Barton Manor.
1049 East Ashey.
1076 Quarr Abbey.
1077 North of Newnham
1171 St. Helens
1488 Plaish Fishponds
2588 Marshcombe Copse, Yaverland.

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): 372
Name: Sheat fish pond
Map Sheet: SZ48SE
Grid Reference: SZ 494 844 (point) Google map
Summary:
Description: At SZ49408440 is an overgrown waterlogged depression fed by a small stream and probably the remains of a fish pond.
[Ordnance Survey Field Investigator 1955]
The fish pond has been partially cleared out and is now water filled.
[Ordnance Survey Field Investigator 1967.]

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Gatcombe, Isle of Wight

Monument/Component Types



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Type/Grade Reference/Title
OS 14
Sites & Monuments Record 372
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): 834
Name: Great Budbridge Manor.
Map Sheet: SZ58SW
Grid Reference: SZ 529 835 (point) Google map
Summary: Fish Ponds
Description: Fish ponds in grounds of Budbridge Manor look medieval .
[I.W. Archaeol. Record Card 1978. Recorder Vicky Basford]

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Arreton, Isle of Wight

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Type/Grade Reference/Title
OS 9
Sites & Monuments Record 834

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): 945
Name: Barton Manor.
Map Sheet: SZ59SW
Grid Reference: SZ 520 943 (point) Google map
Summary: String of 3 Fish Ponds with a ruined weir of massive stone blocks. Presumably connected with the Medieval Oratory of Barton
Description: To the south of Barton Manor are a string of 3 fish ponds with a ruined weir of massive stone blocks. If Kökeritz is correct in applying the name Rodmeresdon (- 'Hill of the Reedy Pool', occurs 1324) to the high ground to the north, the 'Reedy Pool' must refer to these ponds, unless there was previously a natural pool in the valley. The pond 150m W. of Barton Farm appears to be a water filled gravel pit.
[Ordnance Survey Field Investigator 1955]
The fish ponds are presumably connected with the Medieval Oratory of Barton (PRN 944)
[Vicky Basford 17.9.81.]

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Whippingham, Isle of Wight

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Type/Grade Reference/Title
OS 5
Sites & Monuments Record 945
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): 1049
Name: East Ashey.
Map Sheet: SZ58NE
Grid Reference: SZ 5835 8825 (point) Google map
Summary: Fish ponds
Description: The fish ponds comprise a main pond and a group of subsidiary fattening and breeding ponds. The main pond is a straight sided excavated depression on the west of a pond-bay and the other ponds consist of five rectangular ponds enclosed by a wide deep supply ditch. The depth of these is increased by banks of excavated material and they are covered in trees.
[Ordnance Survey Field Investigator 1955]
The fish ponds are south east of East Ashey Manor House and nearby are the earthwork remains of a manorial settlement, PRN 1050. The manor of Ashey was owned by the Abbey of Wherwell, near Andover, from 1228 to the Dissolution.
[Vicky Basford 24.9.1981.]

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Havenstreet and Ashey

Monument/Component Types



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Type/Grade Reference/Title
OS 22
Sites & Monuments Record 1049
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): 1076
Name: Quarr Abbey.
Map Sheet: SZ59SE
Grid Reference: SZ 566 925 (point) Google map
Summary: A pond was excavated just to the south of the abbey church inside the enclosure. Visible today as marsh
Description: A pond was excavated just to the south of the abbey church inside the enclosure. Visible today as marsh.
Fish did not become general as monastic food until the end of the thirteenth century. If the Quarr ponds were excavated before that date, then we must assume that they were constrcuted to produce revenue.
[Hockey, S.F. 1970. 'Quarr Abbey and its Lands', 49-50, Leicester University Press]
A depression is shown on the 1861 1:2500 OS Map at SZ5659 9253 - some way south of the Abbey church, but within the south precinct wall. This is also visible on May 1990 air photos in SMR.
[D.L. Motkin 2-8-1990.]

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Ryde, Isle of Wight

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Type/Grade Reference/Title
Sites & Monuments Record 1076
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): 1077
Name: North of Newnham
Map Sheet: SZ59SE
Grid Reference: SZ 5665 9202 (point) Google map
Summary: Fishponds associated with Quarr Abbey. Aligned north-south with a common dam between them, and a leat entering at the junction between the ponds
Description: (North of Newnham) the stream was by a dam diverted from its original course and made to flow at a higher level along a channel cut out of the western slope of the little valley. By the side of the high level stream was made the cart road down to Quarr. In the valley bed were excavated two fish ponds of considerable size into which water was fed from the upper stream through controlling sluices, while the excess ran off into the lower stream.
[Hockey, S.F. 1970. 'Quarr Abbey and its Lands', 49, Leicester University Press]
Pond and leat observed by D. Tomalin in Puckers Copse and surrounding area.
[IW arch. record card. Vicky Basford 30.3.1977.]
Site visit by F. Basford and representative of ADAS to discuss future management of the earthworks within the wooded area. The following were discussed ..
1. Use of woodland as a 'woodland management demonstration area' for farmers and visiting groups. This would involve coppicing and regeneration of hazel.
2. Restore the earthworks and refill with water, stock with fish and hire to local fishing club.
3. Clear the site of all trees except mature oaks and alder, remove all scrub and maintain this situation, not allowing the regeneration of hazel and shrubs.
[F. Basford, 20 August 1986]
Scrub clearance taking place under the M.S.C. in and around the northern pond, in order that it may be restored and filled with water.
[F. Basford, site visit. 16/11/87.]
Inspection of earthworks after scrub clearance to assess maintenance requirements.
[Site visit, 23.2.88. David Tomalin, Frank Basford and Landowner.]
Restoration of Northern pond was completed in 1988, and pond filled.
[D.L. Motkin 2.8.1990.]
Scheduling notified 7-12-1995 with national number SM22035.
[English Heritage letter MPP22/ AA 63992/1 5 January 1996]
South pond restored with English Heritage consent. Breach in dam dividing north and south pond repaired using soil from base of pond. Eastern leat re-cut and sluice inserted to control water level in south pond. Trees and vegetation removed from sides of south pond. Natural stream diverted to take water south of south pond into re-cut leat. Watching briefs carried out as required during soil moving operations. Artefactual remains completely absent. The natural subsoil was observed after the removal of only 10-15 cm of humic soil in the bed of the pond. The leat at the east side of the south pond was cut deeper than its original profile.
[Watching brief, F. Basford, June 1997.]
The monument includes two adjoining fishponds situated on an east facing slope and associated with the nearby monastery at Quarr. They are aligned north-south with a common dam between them, and a leat entering at the junction between the ponds. Each fishpond has an earthwork bank enclosing a depression from which material was quarried during its construction. The northern pond, which is roughly rectangular in shape, still retains water. It is the smaller of the two and measures c 80m north-south and c 42, east-west at its widest point. The southern pond, which is pear-shaped, is now dry. This pond measures c 150m north-south at its maximum extent and c 95m east-west at its widest point.
There are additional associated earthworks on the west side of the northern pond, and at the junction of the two ponds; a leat joins the ponds at a common point on their east side. This leat runs south parallel with the southern pond on its east side, and travels northwards to open into the east side of the precinct of the medieval abbey of Quarr. The leat was made in order to fill the higher northern pond, and then, by a series of sluices, the lower southern pond. A stone wall was discovered within the last tem years during digging at the junction of the two ponds on their west side.
ASSESSMENT OF IMPORTANCE
The fishponds at Pucker's Copse survive well and will contain archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the fishponds and the landscape in which they were constructed. This is one of only very few medieval fishpond sites known to survive on the Isle of Wight, and is part of a wider complex of contemporary features associated with Quarr Abbey, including mills, salt water fish ponds and monastic granges.
[Entry in the Schedule of Monuments compiled and maintained by the Secretary of State for the Environment under Section 1 of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended.]
National Monument no: 22035
Monument: Two fishponds associated with Quarr Abbey at Puckers Copse, Newnham

Sources

Number Reference
Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1996. Two fishponds associated with Quarr Abbey at Puckers Copse. Newnham. National Monument no.22035.

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Ryde, Isle of Wight

Monument/Component Types



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Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Scheduled Monument 22035 Two fishponds associated with Quarr Abbey at Puckers Copse, Newnham

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Sites & Monuments Record 1077

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): 1171
Name: St. Helens
Map Sheet: SZ68NW
Grid Reference: SZ 635 895 (point) Google map
Summary: Possible medieval fish ponds associated with Priory
Description: Fish ponds in pasture fields. Area covered approx. 1/4 acre. Possibly Medieval fish ponds connected with priory.
[Pers. comm. (letter) ]
No evidence for fishpond earthworks visible in this field prior to laying a rising main pipeline.
[Field visit, F. Basford, D.Motkin, October 1995.]
Watching Briefs carried out whilst removing topsoil for pipeline easement and also for trench cutting-no visible remains of fishponds.
[Site visits, December 1995, F. Basford.]
Vague linear bank and slight depression observed in the lower part of the field.
[Field visit F. Basford, R. Loader, 8.4.1999 (coastal audit)]

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish St. Helens, Isle of Wight

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Type/Grade Reference/Title
OS 56
Sites & Monuments Record 1171

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
EIW163 Isle of Wight Coastal Audit (Ref: IWSMR 6086) Isle of Wight County Archaeology and Historic Environment Service

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): 1488
Name: Plaish Fishponds
Map Sheet: SZ48NE
Grid Reference: SZ 4765 8700 (point) Google map
Summary:
Description: A chain of fish ponds in the valley of the Lukely Brook. Earthworks generally well preserved. A very large pond just downstream towards Clatterford conceals several Roman buildings within its bog. The Clatterford pond should be still workable, being stopped by a currently unused concrete sluice with board slots. This sluice is not shown on 1861 OS map, but from position of related earthworks it probably replaced an earlier one. The Clatterford pond is probably a lower member of the Plaish sequence. It is possible that there may even have been a lower pond still - or even a sequence extending right into Carisbrooke and incorporating the extant mill pond. Detailed survey of the whole valley is required. No documentary evidence for the Plaish/Clatterford ponds is known.
[D.L. Motkin 2.8.1990]

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Aerial Photograph: Motkin, D.. B-W & Colour.

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Carisbrooke, Isle of Wight

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Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Conservation Area

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Sites & Monuments Record 1488
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): 2588
Name: Marshcombe Copse, Yaverland.
Map Sheet: SZ68NW
Grid Reference: SZ 609 861 (point) Google map
Summary: Three conjoined earthworks, possibly the remains of a medieval fishpond system associated with Yaverland Manor
Description: Three conjoined earthworks, possibly the remains of a medieval fishpond system associated with Yaverland Manor. The water source for the system is at the south east side where springs apparently issue water from the base of the Upper Greensand. The eastern pond, the smaller of the three, has either not been entirely completed or has suffered damage from natural forces. Small scale quarrying should also be considered. A full survey is required in order to fully understand how the system operated.
[Field visit, F. Basford, 19, 20, 21. 10.1997, in response to a Forest Authority Woodland Grant Scheme proposal.]

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Sandown, Isle of Wight

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Type/Grade Reference/Title
Sites & Monuments Record 2588
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

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Metadata

Title:

Isle of Wight Historic Environment Record

Subject:

Fishponds

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Contact details
Contact name:
Contact organisation:Isle of Wight County Archaeology and Historic Environment Service
Contact address:County Archaeological Centre 61 Clatterford Road
Newport
Isle of Wight
PO30 1NZ
United Kingdom
Contact tel:01983 823810
Contact fax:01983 823810
Contact email:archaeology@iow.gov.uk
Copyright
Copyright holder:Isle of Wight County Archaeology and Historic Environment Service
Copyright year:2008
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Date from:2008-08-15T00:00:00
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Dataset origin
Source:HBSMR configured for Isle of Wight Archaeological Centre
Date created:2008-08-15T00:00:00
Spatial coverage
Admin area:Isle of Wight
Country:United Kingdom
Min X:447650
Min Y:83500
Max X:463500
Max Y:94300

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Export generated by HBSMR from exeGesIS SDM